Website Wim Kusee : Tram lines in Belgium (NMVB)


Tram Belgium (NMVB/SNCV)

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Rolling stock : Steam locomotives

General description

loc 979

The steam locomotives of the NMVB were divided into "types". The first to be built were the type 1 until 3; The type 1 was the smallest, type 2 somewhat larger, type 3 a heavy loc. Later on, other types were added to the list. At last the type-numbering came to type 23.

Because of the fact that there was a nationwide organisation of the NMVB, they could acuire rolling stock in large numbers. This stock was placed on different lines of the different managers. Because of the standardisation, of some types a large number was buidt; Of the type 4 even 390 locs have been build. The total number of locs came to 998 steam locs in Belgium.

The division into types does not imply, that the numbering of locs is from 1 going up for each type. When ordering a certain type, of course the numbers were after each other. At a next ordering of another type the locs of that other type became the next numbers. When after a few years more locs of the first type were ordered, then the locs became the next numbers, so leaving a gap in the numbering of the same type. When looking to the numbers you can see the year of building of the loc; an low number means a old loc, a higher number implies a later build. The numbering was from 1 (the oldest steam loc) with some gaps in the numbering, until almost 1100.

Below you find a table with the number of locs that has been built, for the three track-widths and the total number of locs.Click on a link to see more details of the specific type.

Type1000 mm1067 mm1435 mmtotal
number
years
built
type 1 14 00 141886-1893
type 2 4 10 51893
type 31973702341885-1887
type 43324403761896-1905
type 5 4 00 41906-1908
type 6 35 00 351889-1906
type 7 68 00 681887-1915
type 8 0 50 51898
type 9 3 00 31889
type 10 0 06 61886-1892
type 11 0 03 31886
type 12 0 05 51886-1913
type 13 18 00 181891
type 14 4 00 41906
type 15 0 05 51896-1914
type 16 1 00 11910
type 17 1 00 11910
type 18126 101271910-1919
type 19 48 00 481916-1917
type 20 0 04 41922-1924
type 21 20 00 201915
type 22 0 01 11926
type 23 2 00 21928
NL 0 60 6
AO 7 00 7
steam coach200 2
total number88694241004
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Steam loc type 1

This type was a light loc, the first type to be built.
They could be foud along the coast and in Oost- and West-Vlaanderen

steam loc type 1
 
Type : C
Total built : 14
Year built : 1896 - 1893
Out of service :
Built by : La Métallurgique Tubize (6x)
Haine St.Pierre (8x)
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 1.844 kg
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 5.558
Width (m) : 2.072
Height (m) : 3.046
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 12,5 / 15,0
Gauge : 1000 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 30-39; 171-173; 248
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Steam loc type 2

This type of loc was a very narrow loc (2,05 m against normally 2,50 meter). This loc was allowed to ride in the Netherland where only such narrow locs were allowed. But as in the Netherlands this rule was abandoned soon after the start of the building of these locs, only 4 were built.
They could be found in places around the border with the Netherlands.

steam loc type 2
 
Type : C
Total built : 5
Year built : 1983
Out of service :
Built by : La Métallurgique Tubize
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 2.357
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 5,558
Width (m) : 2,046
Height (m) : 3,070
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 14,5 / 17,0
Gauge : 1000 mm (4x)
1067 mm (1x)
Remarks :
Numbers : 167-170   (1000 mm)
727   (1067 mm)
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Steam loc type 3

This was the normal loc of the NMVB in the first years. As we can deduct from the large number of locs, it was a good loc. To be used as well for goods transport as for passengers trams.
It could be found all over the country

steam loc type 3
 
Type : C
Total built : 232
Year built : 1885-1897
Out of service :
Built by : 15 different factories
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 2.271
Pressure (atm) : 10,3
Length (m) : 6,202
Width (m) : 2,490
Height (m) : 3,049
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 15,0 / 18,78
Gauge : 1000 mm (195 x)
1067 mm (37 x)
Remarks :
Numbers : 1-29; 40-166; 174-212; 461(II); 658(II)   (1000 mm)
700-726; 728-731; 737(II); 738-743   (1067 mm)
737; 758   (ex France)
793-795   (ex Ans-Oreye, own numbers with AO until 1929, thence to NMVB)
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Steam loc type 4

This was a loc, much resembling type 3. We can see it as a rebuilt of type 3, but somewhat stronger with more power.
It could be found all over the country

steam loc type 4
 
Type : C
Total built : 387
Year built : 1896 - 1905
Out of service :
Built by : Several factories
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 2.750
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 6,202
Width (m) : 2,490
Height (m) : 3,420
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 16,5 / 19,8
Gauge : 1000 mm (347 x)
1067 mm (40 x)
Remarks :
Numbers : 23(II); 208(II); 213-247; 249-299; 310-321; 327-347; 349-363; 366-368; 371-394; 444-478; 486-517; 519-562; 574-599; 603-620; 637-651; 732-735(II); 744-747; 750-752; 756-788
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Steam loc type 5

Loc with cabin and 3 driven axles.
Although narrow gauge, they had buffers to pull normal gauge wagons, this on 3- or 4-rail tracks.
It could be found on industrial rails with 2 gauges (Mol-Donk, Antwerpen-Merksem).

steam loc type 5
 
Type : C
Total built : 4
Year built : 1906 - 1908
Out of service :
Built by : St.Léonard, Liège
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 2.886
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 6,006
Width (m) : 2,200
Height (m) : 3,416
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 16,35 / 19,75
Gauge : 1000 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 419-420; 483; 518
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Steam loc type 6

A loc to be used for heavy trams. But because of high coal usage only used for short distances.
It could be found all over the country, expecially with heavy goods trams over short distances.

steam loc type 6
 
Type : C
Total built : 35
Year built : 1889 - 1906
Out of service :
Built by : La Métallurgique, Tubize
Zimmerman, Hanrez
Thiriau, Bois d'Haine
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 4.231
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 6,230 (until 1902)
6.530 (after 1902)
Width (m) : 2,275
Height (m) : 3,492
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 18,725 / 22,8
Gauge : 1000 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 400-418; 421; 422-427(II); 429(II); 431-438(II)
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Steam loc type 7

A heavy loc, to be used on lines with steep gradients. A loc, getting its highest power at low speed (20 km/h). Therefore only used in heavy goods trams.
It could be found all over the country

steam loc type 7
 
Type : C
Total built : 68
Year built : 1887 - 1915
Out of service :
Built by : La Métallurgique, Tubize
Leuvense Metaalwerken, Leuven
S.A.pour l'Exploitation des Chemins de fer de Louvain, Leuven
Energie, Marcinelle
La Meuse, Liège
Franco-Belge, LaCroyère
Ateliers de Boussu
Haine St.Pierre
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 4.215
Pressure (atm) : ?
Length (m) : 7,054 (5x)
7,159 (63 x)
Width (m) : 2,400
Height (m) : 3,764
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 24,0 / 29,0
Gauge : 1000 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 300-309; 322-326; 348; 364-365; 369-370; 395-399; 479-482; 484-485; 563-571; 621-622; 627-636; 659-668; 687-692; 797-799
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Steam loc type 8

Built for traffic over the border with the Netherlands, where track gauge was 1067 mm.
It could be found in the province Antwerp (at lines with connection with the Netherlands)

steam loc type 8
 
Type : C
Total built : 5
Year built : 1898
Out of service :
Built by : Haine St.Pierre
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 2.357
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 5,660
Width (m) : 2,220
Height (m) : 3,370
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 14,5 / 17,0
Gauge : 1067 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 748-749, 753-755
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Steam loc type 9

A four-axle loc, of which one (the middle axe) was not driven.
It could be found in the northern and eastern parts of the province of Liège

steam loc type 9
 
Type : 1-C
Total built : 4
Year built : 1889
Out of service :
Built by : St.Léonard, Liège
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 4.272
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 6,594
Width (m) : 2,545
Height (m) : 3,500
Distance axles : 3
Weight (ton) : 24,0 / 30,0
Gauge : 1000 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 600-602
796 (ex Ans-Oreye, own number with AO until 1929, thence to NMVB)
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Steam loc type 10

Originally built in a series of 6 locs, built for the line Ixelles-Boendaal (gauge 1435 mm).
They resembled the locs of type 3 of the NMVB.
After operation on the line Ixelles-Boendaal by the NMVB in 1897, they were placed on normal track lines in the Ardennes.

steam loc type 10
 
Type : C
Total built : 6
Year built : 1886 - 1892
Out of service :
Built by : St.Léonard, Liège
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 3.645
Pressure (atm) : 10,3
Length (m) : 7,280
Width (m) : 2,744
Height (m) : 3,555
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 23,0 / 28,5
Gauge : 1435 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 803-805 (built 1886: Eupen - Dolhain)
806-808 (built 1892: Groenendaal - Overijse)
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Steam loc type 11

See description of type 10.

steam loc type 11
 
Type : C
Total built : 3
Year built : 1886
Out of service :
Built by : St.Léonard, Liège
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 3.645
Pressure (atm) : 10,3
Length (m) : 7,280
Width (m) : 2,744
Height (m) : 3,370
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 23,0 / 28,5
Gauge : 1435 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 800-802 (Poulseur-Sprimont)
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Steam loc type 12

See description of type 10.

steam loc type 12
 
Type : C
Total built : 5
Year built : 1886 - 1913
Out of service :
Built by : St.Léonard, Liège (3x)
Franco Belge (2x)
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 4.280 (nr.817)
3.527 (others)
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 7,450 (nr.817)
7,280 (others)
Width (m) : 2,744
Height (m) : 3,714
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 23,0 / 28,5
Gauge : 1435 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 810; 812-813; 816-817
Poulseur-Sprimont (nrs.810,812,816) / Overijsse-Groenendaal (813,817)
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Steam loc type 13

Built for the line Brussel - Haacht.
After incorporation of this line into the NMVB, a part of the series locs was sold, another part remained in the province Brabant operated by the NMVB.

steam loc type 13
 
Type : C
Total built : 18
Year built : 1891
Out of service :
Built by : (6x) La Métallurgique, Tubize
(6x) Marcinelle et de Couillet
(6x) La Meuse, Liège
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power :
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 6,440
Width (m) : 2,446
Height (m) : 3,380
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 22,65 / 27,615
Gauge : 1000 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : Ex Brussel - Ixelles - Boendaal (for the line Brussel - Haacht), to NMVB in 1897
422-427 (built by La Métallurgique)
428-433 (built by Marcinelle)
434-439 (built by La Meuse)
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Steam loc type 14

Steam loc with cabin and 3 driven axles.
Resembling type 5, but heavier and stronger.
Although they were for narrow gauge, they had buffers to pull normal track railway goods wagons on tracks with 3 or 4 rails.
They could be found on industrial lines with 2 gauges (Mol-Donk, Antwerpen-Merksem).

steam loc type 14
 
Type : C
Total built : 4
Year built : 1906
Out of service :
Built by : Haine St.Pierre
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 4.700
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 7,628
Width (m) : 2,600
Height (m) : 3,280
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 26,0 / 31,5
Gauge : 1000 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 440 (Clavier - Warzée - Comblain)
441 (Huy - Ambresin - Hannut)
442 (Hannut - Jemeppe - Fexhe-le-Haut-Clocher)
443 (Clavier - Val-St.Lambert)
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Steam loc type 15

Light loc with cabin and 2 driven axles.
In use in Merksem and Mol Donk.

steam loc type 15
 
Type : B
Total built : 5
Year built : 1896 - 1914
Out of service :
Built by : St.Léonard, Liège
Corpet-Bourdon, Paris (nr.811)
Axles : 2
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 3.145
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 6,522
Width (m) : 2,500
Height (m) : 3,215
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 16,5 / 20,2
Gauge : 1435 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 809; 811; 814-815; 818   (Mol and Merksem)
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Steam loc type 16

Prototype with some modern equipment. Later built in larger quantities in a changed type as type 18.
They could be found on the line Oostende-Veurne and later on Huy-Burdinne.

steam loc type 16
 
Type : C
Total built : 1
Year built : 1910
Out of service :
Built by : Métallurgique, Tubize
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 3.610
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 6,600
Height (m) : 3,510
Width (m) : 2,370
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 18,75 / 23,0
Gauge : 1000 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 572
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Steam loc type 17

Prototype with some modern equipment, later in slightly changed form rebuilt as type 18.

steam loc type 17
 
Type : C
Total built : 1
Year built : 1910
Out of service :
Built by : St.Léonard, Liège
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 3.800
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 6,578
Width (m) : 2,400
Height (m) : 3,240
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 18,0 / 22,0
Gauge : 1000 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 573
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Steam loc type 18

This was the new standard type loc, more modern than the first standard locs of type 3 and 4, based on prototypes 16 and 17.
They could be found all over the country.

steam loc type 18
 
Type : C
Total built : 127
Year built : 1910 - 1919
Out of service :
Built by : Gilain, Tienen
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 2.945
Pressure (atm) : 12,4
Length (m) : 6,450
Width (m) : 2,350
Height (m) : 3,530
Distance axles : 2,000 m
Weight (ton) : 18,0 / 22,0
Gauge : 1000 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 606(II); 623-626; 652-655; (656-658); 669-686; 693-699; 736(II); 789-792; 1000-1002; 1021-1105
 
1000 (built in 1915, ex sugar factory Tienen, in 1962 to NMVB)
N.B. Numbers 1001 and 1002 have been assigned twice, also in type 21
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Steam loc type 19

The same type as type 18, but as result of the second world war built in England in 1915. In 1919 these locs were put into service.
They could be found in Vlaanderen.

steam loc type 19
 
Type : C
Total built : 50
Year built : 1916 / 1917
Out of service :
Built by : Robert Stephenson, Darlington (30 x)
R&W Hawthorn Lesley, Newcastle (20 x)
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 2.965
Pressure (atm) : 12,3
Length (m) : 6,486
Width (m) : 2,232
Height (m) : 3,877
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 18,0 / 21,15
Gauge : 1000 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 950-997 (of which built by Hawthorn: 951-954, 958-960, 964, 967, 973, 976-979, 983-985, 988, 991, 996; the rest by Stepehnson)
Two locs of the 50 built have not been taken into service because of the bad quality
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Steam loc type 20

Loc with cabin and 2 driven axles and at the front a running axle (type 1-B).
Used in Merksem for shunting services and industrial areas.

steam loc type 20
 
Type : 1-B
Total built : 4
Year built : 1922 - 1924
Out of service :
Built by : Métallurgique, Tubize
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 6.240
Pressure (atm) : 12,0
Length (m) : 8,150
Width (m) : 2,750
Height (m) : 3,900
Distance axles : 3
Weight (ton) : 30,0 / 37,5
Gauge : 1435 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 819-822
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Steam loc type 21

Built in America in 1915, put into service in 1919.
Because of the great width of these locs, and because of the bad quality, they were soon scrapped in 1924.
They could be found in the Kempen (eastern part of the province of Antwerpen).

steam loc type 21
 
Type : C
Total built : 20
Year built : 1915 / 1919
Out of service : 1924
Built by : American Locomotive Company,
Patterson, USA
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 3.130
Pressure (atm) : 12,65
Length (m) : 7,289
Width (m) : 2,660
Height (m) : 3,200
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 23,0 / 26,5
Gauge : 1000 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 1001-1002(II)   (nrs 1001-1002 have been assigned twice, also to type 18)
1003-1020;
 
1013, 1015, 1020 after WW I sold to ZVTM in the Netherlands
1002 sold to sugar factory in Moerbeke
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Steam loc type 22

In use in Groenendaal - Overijsse. Nickname "dikke Bertha", because of her eating so much coal.

steam loc type 22
 
Type : C
Total built : 1
Year built : 1926
Out of service :
Built by : Métallurgieques de Hainault, Couillet
Axles : 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 11.000
Pressure (atm) : 12,0
Length (m) : 8,358
Width (m) : 2,650
Height (m) : 3,450
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 35,75 / 44,0
Gauge : 1435 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 823
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Steam loc type 23

Type Garret (on two boogies). Used for heavy goods trams in the provinces Limburg and Liège for trams with destination the harbours in the river Meuse, loaded with stones from quarries or loaded with coal from the mines.

steam loc type 23
 
Type : C + C
Total built : 2
Year built : 1928
Out of service :
Built by : St.Léonard, Liège
Axles : 3 + 3
Power (hp) :
Pulling power : 9.712
Pressure (atm) : 14,0
Length (m) : 14,984
Width (m) : 2,450
Height (m) : 3,680
Distance axles :
Weight (ton) : 49,7 / 60,0
Gauge : 1000 mm
Remarks :
Numbers : 850, 851
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Rolling stock : stock list steam locs by number

Below you find the number of the loc, the type, and the year built.

Number(s)TypeYear built
1-2931885-1887
23 (II)41910
30-3911886-1887
40-16631887-1893
167-17021893
171-17311893
174-21231893-1896
208 (II)41903
213-24741897-1898
24811895
249-29941898-1901
300-30971888-1900
310-32141901-1902
322-32671902
327-34741902-1903
34871904
349-36341904-1905
364-36571904
366-36841905
369-37071905
371-39441905-1907
395-39971905
400-41861897-1906
419-42051906
42161889
422-427131891
422-427 (II)61892-1905
428-439131891
429/431-438(II)61902-1906
440-443141906
444-47841907-1908
479-48271907
48351907
484-48571909
486-51741907-1909
51851908
519-56241909-1911
563-57171909-1910
572161909
573171910
574-59941910-1911
600-60291890
603-62041911-1913
621-62271911
623-626181911
627-63671911-1912
637-65141912
652-655181914
659-66871915
669-686181915
687-69271915
693-699181915
700-72631885-1890
72721893
728-73131890
732-73541910-1911
736181914
737-74331894-1896
744-74741897-1898
748-74981899
750-75241899
753-75581898
756-78841900-1909
789-792181915
793-79531890
79691891
797-79971899
800-802 111886
803-808101887-1894
809151895
810121898
811151898
812-813121905-1906
814-815151908
816-817121913-1914
818151915
819-822201922-1924
823221924
850-851231929-1930
900-901coach1887
950-997191919
1000-1002181915-1920
1003-1020211915
1021-1105181919-1920
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